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The early Maryland group is identified by variations of the names Banning and Bandy, a fact that creates, at the same time, curiosity and confusion. The variations include Banning, Banin, Bannin, Banen, Bannen, Bannett, Banott, Bande, and Bandy. It is more than just a coincidence. These three facts are noted:

As noted a John, James, and Richard Banning are listed in theGenealogical and Biographical Records of the Banning and Allied Families as living in Maryland, but there is little record of their having descendants. Did they move to Virginia and North Carolina and become known as Bandy?

In several cases the same individual is identified by the names Bandy and Banning. Some examples of this are noted earlier in this chapter.

The first names associated with the early Maryland residents include names common to many Bandys later found in Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and elsewhere. Examples include Richard, Solomon, Robert, James, Greenbury, William, Thomas, John, and Hugh.

Both families report traditions of a Huguenot origin, a move to England to avoid religious persecution, and an eventual move to the colonies. Not all facts match. The Banning family reportedly is Dutch while the Bandy family reportedly had its origin in France. Neither family has any direct evidence of its origin.

Finally, is the fact that several Bannings left Maryland and moved to the same areas where Bandys chose to settle. For example, Bandys and Bannings are both found in Burke County, North Carolina in the late 1700's and early 1800's. The Bannings (sometimes spelled Baning) include Benoni (discussed above) along with James and Alexander (Benoniís sons) and Francis (who probably is Benoniís son Frazier). The Bandys include George,David, Bryant, Jesse, and William. George eventually settled in Lincoln County in a part that eventually became Catawba County.

Benoni had previously lived in Washington County, Virginia which at the time included part of what became Tazewell County where the town Bandy, Virginia is now located. This area is still home to many Bandys.

In 1820, Benoniís sons, Clark and Jeremiah, both lived in Cumberland County, Kentucky as did George Bandy, son of 1795 Richard. Clark moved to Greene County, Illinois, and Jeremiah (along with brothers Alexander andFrazier) moved to Shelby County, Illinois. Elihu and Horatio Bandy (sons of Thomas and grandsons of 1795 Richard) both lived in Greene County at the time. Also, Thomas Bandy (Horatioís son) settled in Montgomery County which is adjacent to Shelby County. Other Bandys settled in Edgar (e.g., Amborse, John, and Jubel) and Vermillion (e.g., William) Counties, both one county away from Shelby.

John Banning (1764 - 1833 or 39) and Thomas (thought to be the great grandson of the first Edward, grandson of William, and son of Henry), both settled in Rockbridge County, Virginia which is adjacent to both Botetourt and Bedford Counties where 1795 Richard lived.

Nevertheless, the specific relationships that exists between members of these groups is yet to be established.

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