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Richard Bandy and Family

Richard Bandy (71, 14-1) (July 8, 1722 to July 21, 1795) is the early Bandy about whom the most is known and written. Richardís possible wives Jane Cummins (70, 14-0)(1720 - 1755), Elizabeth Cardwell[i](71, 14-37) ( ? - 1794), and Lucy Justice (72, 15-141) and their children are well documented in Burt and Jane Eubankís Bandy Gallimaufry.[ii]The overview of this family presented here is drawn primarily from the Eubankís exceptional work. Many more details, including information relating to subsequent generations, are found in their book.

Family tradition says that Richard and Jane came to America in the early to middle 1700's. Tradition suggests that Richard was born in Liverpool, England and that Jane was from Dublin, Ireland. However, there is little evidence of Richard having a wife Jane, and little creditable evidence of Richard's birth in either England or America. Bandy Gallimaufry suggests alternative theories including the possibility that the first American Richard Bandy was this Richardís father and the possibility that the Richard who married Jane was this Richardís son. If there was an earlier Richard, he would have been born around 1700. The earlier Richard could have been married to Jane Cummins, and the central North Carolina Bandys including James, Robert, Solomon, and John as well as being the parents of the Richard, Avy, and spinster Elizabeth, discussed below.

Bandy Gallimaufry reports detailed information regarding Richard, Elizabeth, and their children (Mary, Solomon, Thomas, Richard, John, George, Sarah, Ann (Nancy), and Eliza). If Richard did marry a Jane, some of the children likely were herís.

Perhaps Elizabeth's previously undetermined maiden name is Cardwell. This possibility is based on the 1780 Henrico County, Virginia will of Thomas Cardwell which names Francis Epperson and Martha his wife along with Richard Bandy and his wife Elizabeth as devisees.[iii] This suggests that Elizabeth and Martha are Thomas' daughters. As noted below, Richard apparently sold real estate to John Cardwell, Elizabethís brother.

The earliest contemporary document establishing the presence of Richard in Virginia is a March 24, 1755 land purchase in Cumberland County, Virginia. Other real estate records report transactions in Bedford , Franklin, and Botetourt Counties extending to 1788, and subsequent transfers by Richardís estate. Some of the later transactions may have been by son Richard. The Revolutionary War Pension application by son Thomas reports his birth on June 22, 1748 in Cumberland County, Virginia suggesting that the family was in Virginia several years before the first land purchase.

An alternative theory to those presented in Bandy Gallimaufry is that Richard is somehow related to the Bannings of Maryland. Two known Richard Bannings are accounted for (see the previous chapter). Should this Richard be related to the Bannings he would have to be another previously unidentified member of that family group. As noted in chapter 1, there are references to three brother Richard, James, and John. However, there is little information on that group.

Richard, his sons, his grandsons, and his great grandsons all had large families. As a result, he is the ancestor of many Bandys in America today.

The following summary is based on research by Burt and Jane Eubank (1994) and Robert Haviland (1995), and others.


[i]Elizabethís last name is discussed below.

[ii]Jane Bandy Eubank and Samuel Burton Eubank, Bandy Gallimaufry. Granby, Colorado, 1994.

[iii] Helen E. Hart Peyton, Some Early Pioneers of Western Kentucky, Their Ancestors and Descendants. Deborah, Iowa: Anundsen Publishing Co., Second Edition, 1990, p. 296.

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