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John and Lavenia

John Bandy (Sr.) (148, 15-262) and Lavenia Woolf Bandy (148, 15-269) had seven children (Davis). In his 1815 will, John Woolf listed wife Penelope; sons George, Charles, and Stephen; and daughter Levina Bandy.[i] John and Lavenia Bandy and their children are discussed below.

Davis states that circumstantial evidence suggests that John is from Halifax District, Edgecombe County, North Carolina. He, however, does not state what that evidence is. A John Bandy did witness two real estate transactions in Halifax, one in 1765 and a second in 1779 (see chapter 3). A James, Robert, Lewis, and Solomon Bandy are also found in Halifax during the same period or shortly later. The James Bandy of Halifax is assumed to be the James after whom John's son, James, Jr. is named. Assuming the Halifax, North Carolina John Bandy and Chatham, Georgia John Bandy are the same person, he was likely born in the mid-1740's or earlier resulting in his being in his mid-70's or older when he died in 1820. A John Bandy served in the Virginia militia in 1758 (See chapter 2). Should this be the same John, he was near eighty or older when he died. It is not clear whether there was one or two or even three John Bandys in central North Carolina during this time period.(See Chapter 3 for a more detailed account of this question.

Lavenia Bandy was named inJohn Woolf's Chatham County will in 1815 suggesting that she was younger than her husband as it is unlikely that her father was still alive when she was in her seventies or eighties. (For a discussion of the possibility that Lavenia married John, Jr. see his listing below.) Lavenia was identified as a widow in the 1820 McIntosh County land lottery. Davis, perhaps mistakenly, assumes she was living with her son, John, Jr., in McIntosh County in the 1820 census.

John had moved to Effington County, Georgia by 1788, where he received a land grant of 200 acres, and he gifted land in Chatham County to four of his children (John, Jesse, Elizabeth, and James) in 1791, establishing that they were all born prior to that date. Whether they were children or adults is unknown. He was back in Effingham County by 1805 where he drew successfully in the land lottery. On April 7, 1820, son Samuel was appointed temporary administrator of his father's Chatham County estate. Davis concludes that their brothers include William, Luke, and Samuel based mainly on the fact that William named brothers Luke, Samuel and Jesse in his 1828 Chatham County will.

Detailed information relating to the seven assumed children includes:

·John Bandy (Jr.) (277, 16-631) married Polly Ann Shuman (277, 16-632) on May 26, 1808 in Chatham County, Georgia. This marriage and other Chatham County marriages cited here are reported in Marriages of Chatham County Georgia.[ii] The record shows John marrying Lavina Bridges with her name being ruled out and replaced with Polly Ann's. The marriage record refers to her as a widow, but it is unclear whether that is a mistaken reference to Lavina. The similarity between the ruled-out name and John's assumed mother may only be a coincidence. This, nevertheless, raises the question of whether the reference might actually be to a second marriage by John, Sr. Lavina could have married previously to a Bridges. Based on the 1820 McIntosh County census, John was born between 1775 and 1794, and given that he was not mentioned in either his brother William's 1828 will nor the 1830 census, Davis assumes John died between 1820 and 1828. Davis concludes that John’s 1820 household includes John himself, his wife Mary (Polly Ann?), his mother Lavina, his brother Luke, and his sister Elizabeth. Davis, however, misinterpreted the ages of the females. They include one under age 10, two between 10 and 16, and one between 26 and 44. As his wife would likely be the oldest female, it is unlikely that the younger females include either his mother or his sister Elizabeth who received a gift of land in 1791 and would therefore probably be in her 30's if not older.

Davis identifies the Mary Bandy listed in the 1830 McIntosh County census as John, Jr.'s widow. That is assumed to be in error as the only marriage he identifies for John was to Polly Ann. Mary is described as being in her 40's with two males between the ages of 5 and 10 and a female between 10 and 15. Davis, relying on the 1830 census which shows Mary with two boys, concludes that John and Mary were the parents of William Jackson Bandy and Allen B. Bandy. Brother William did marry Mary Loper in 1821 in Chatham, and he died in 1828. Accordingly, William Jackson and Allen B. are herein assumed to be William and Mary's children. Although there is no indication of who John and Polly Ann's daughters may be, it is assumed, for the reasons presented below, that the male in their 1820 household is James W. The fate of John, Jr. is unknown. However, one possibility is that he is the John who appears in Tennessee in 1830. See Chapter 4.

·· James W. Bandy (1331, 18-2080) (November 9, 1809 to June 9, 1893) was listed as age 38 in the 1850 Nassau County, Florida living with 32 year old Louisa, and he is listed as age 41 in the 1860 Chatham County, Georgia census living with 36 year old Louisa C. He is listed as age 61 in 1870 in Chatham County living with 43 year old Ann E. The 1860 census lists James' birthplace as Bryan County, Georgia. The Laurel Grove Cemetery record where James is buried indicates that James was born in South Carolina. It is possible that James did live in South Carolina for a while. However, he reported in three different censuses that he was born in Georgia. Davis reports James as residing in Beaufort County, South Carolina in 1840, but the census record shows that individual to be named Joseph W. Bandy. James married Louisa Fox (1331, 18-2081) (about 1816 to 1862) on April 12, 1838 in Chatham County, and he married Ann Shaw (about 1827 to December 1880) in 1864 in Chatham County. (In Bandy Gallimaufry, James is listed as the son of Samuel Bandy, Jr. However, James W. is older than Samuel, Jr. Davis reports James W. as the son of Samuel, Sr. In fact, James W. was born before Samuel Sr. married. Samuel Sr. did have a 10-15 year old male in his 1820 household, but it does not seem likely that he had a son that age). Further, James does not seem to have been born in the county where his assumed father resided at the time of his birth suggesting that James may not be the son of either Samuel. Although there is no indication that John was in Bryan County, James is, nevertheless, assumed to be John's son because the age is consistent with John's marriage, and John did have a boy James' age in his 1820 household.

··· Emma Ophelia Bandy was listed in the 1850 Nassau County, Florida census as age 1. Her fate is uncertain. Edia A. E. Bandy, age 11, is listed as living with Rebecca and Jaurdan Driggers in the 1860 Chatham County census. Easly Elizabeth Bandy married Allen Prevaux on April 8, 1863 in Chatham County. There are inconsistencies. In 1850, Emma Ophelia is listed with a Florida birthplace while Edia A. E. is listed with a Chatham County, Georgia birthplace in 1860. Why did she not live with her parents in 1860? Did she marry at the age of 14?

··· Sarah S. Bandywas listed in the 1860 Chatham County census as age 15. The age is inconsistent with her being the Emma listed in 1850. Is she the Sarah J. Bandy who married Robert Y. Fennell in Chatham County in 1869?

··· Joseph Henry Bandy (about 1851 to June 15, 1921) was listed in the 1860 Chatham County census as age 9 with a Nassau County, Florida birthplace. The Joseph Bandy who married Mary J. Reynolds in Bibb County on May 30, 1871 is assumed to be this Joseph. Davis concludes that this Joseph is Luke's son, but as there is no record of Luke having a son Joseph, it seems more likely that it is James W.'s son who married Mary J. Reynolds. He was a city detective, tinner, and he owned an auto repair business.

··· Richard W. Bandy was listed in the 1860 Chatham County, Georgia census as age 7 with a Chatham County birthplace and age 17 in 1870 in the Chatham County census.

··· George W. Bandy(about 1856 to December 4, 1923) was listed in the 1860 Chatham County census as age 4 with a Chatham County birthplace, and as age 14 in 1870 in Chatham County. He married Mary A (about 1880 to June 24, 1932) in 1897. He was a grocer, bar owner, and machinist.

·James Bandy, Jr. (279, 16-633) died in Camden County by 1812. Davis notes that Laney Bandy was appointed administrator of James' Camden County estate in 1812. Davis is unsure of Laney's relationship to James. However, she is identified as the widow Laney Bandy in the Republican & Savannah Evening Ledger article that indicated she applied to be appointed as administrator of James’ estate.[iii] The Savannah Republican reported the December 1, 1814 marriage by Mrs. Leyna Bandy to William R. Scott of South Carolina.[iv] These suggest that the administrator of James' estate was his widow. Based on her 1820 Camden County marriage to Ezekiel Brown, Davis assumes James had a daughter Sarah.

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·· Sarah Bandy(685, 17-1277) married Ezekiel Brown (685, 17-1278) in Camden County on October 5, 1820.

·Jesse Bandy (280, 16-634) (about 1790 - 1837) married Sarah Loper (280, 16-635) (about 1800 - 1850) on May 19, 1819 in Chatham County. Based on the 1830 Chatham County census, Jesse was born in the 1790's. Davis lists Jesse as the beneficiary of a gift by his father in 1791. The two facts together would indicate that Jesse was born in 1790 or 1791. Based on the 1830 census, Sarah was born between 1800 and 1810. Given the 1819 marriage she is assumed to have been born around 1800. Jesse was killed in 1837 in the Seminole Wars in Florida. Sarah Bandy married John N. Fry (281, 16-636) in 1839 in Duval County, Florida. She died on September 25, 1850 in Chatham County. The names of Jesse and Sarah's four children, listed below, are derived from her pension claim.

·· William J. Bandy (686, 17-1279) reports his birth date as 1825 and alternatively reports his birthplace as Florida and Georgia (1860 and 1870 Chatham County censuses). He first married Rebecca Crossby on July 5, 1845 in Chatham County. Rebecca apparently married David Miller in 1850 in Chatham County. The later marriage license labels her a widow even though William was still alive. Rebecca lived with David at the time of the 1850 census in Chatham County. William and Rebecca are assumed to have had a daughter Louisa.

··· Louisa Bandy (listed as age 2 and living with Rebecca and David in the 1850 census) is assumed to be William and Rebecca's daughter because of her last name.

William J.'s second marriage was to Georgia E. Payne (686, 17-1283) in 1853 in Chatham County. Based on the 1860 and 1870 censuses, Georgia was born in 1830. Michael Mizell reports that Georgia’s name is Georgia Elizabeth Mordici. Living in William and Georgia’s 1860 Chatham County household are Caroline L. Paine, age 13, and Charlotte Paine, age 11, both with Savanaha, Georgia birthplaces. Also in the household is Caroline L. Mordicai, age 66 with a South Carolina birthplace. These facts together are consistent with Georgia Mordicai previously marrying and having two children. William and Georgia’s children include:

··· Samuel Louis Bandy(November 8, 1854 to 1927) is listed as age 5 in 1860 and age 15 in 1870. He probably married Caroline A. (September 14, 1872 - ?) and they continued to live in Savannah. Samuel L. Bandy is listed as marringLizzie Cooke on March 27, 1883 in Chatham, Georgia. He may have also married Margaret MacDougall.

··· Matilda E. Bandy is listed as age 4 in 1860 and age 13 in 1870 married Morris J. Mahan in 1874 in Chatham County.

··· James A. Bandy is listed as age 2 in 1860 and age 11 in 1870.

··· Morgan Bandy is listed as age 9 in 1870.

··· William Bandy is listed as age 6 in 1870.

··· John Bandy is listed as age 4 in 1870.

··· Thomas Bandy

·· Thomas L. Bandy (17-1280), listed as age 20 in the 1850 Bryan County census and living with Ann (see below), married Frances Butts in Chatham County in 1852. What happened to Thomas is unknown. Perhaps the same Frances married Jacob J. Lynes in 1864 in Chatham County. Frances W. (who is listed as age 22 in Chatham County in 1860) is listed with two children. Davis concludes that Frances is Samuel Bandy, Jr.'s wife because they are found in the same large 1860 household headed by George and Amelia Best. However, that household also includes Lewis Butts, age 13. Further, Samuel is listed in the household after Frances and her assumed children. Census records normally lists husbands and wives together. There is no record that Samuel married a Frances. As a result, it seems more likely that she is the Francis who married Thomas and that the children are theirs:

··· Telulah R. Bandy (18-2078) was listed in the 1860 Chatham County census (p. 413) as age 6.

··· Thomas M. Bandy(18-2079) who was listed in the 1860 Chatham County census (p. 413) as age 1.

·· Susan Bandy (17-1281) who died in 1851. Susan A. Bandy, age 18, is listed living in Bryan County, in 1850 with Ann (see below).

·· Henry Bandy (17-1282) (1835 - before 1876) age 25, married 16 year old Julia Griffith in 1860 in Chatham County where they are listed in the census the same month they married. There is reference to Henry Bandy serving in the Heavy Artillery, 22nd Battalion, Co. D during the Civil War and Henry J. Bandy serving in the Calvary, 2nd Battalion, Co. F.[v]Julia apparently married George W. Chambers in 1876 in Chatham County.

·William Bandy (16-639) ( ? - 1828) married Mary Loper on December 18, 1821 in Chatham County. William was witness to the will of Ara Loper that name his wife Mary and listed an unnamed minor son. Ara died on December 27, 1820.[vi] It is assumed that William later married Ara’s widow. William’s 1828 Chatham County will left his property to brothers Jesse, Samuel, and Luke. The fate of Mary is uncertain. It is quite possible she is the Mary listed in the 1830 McIntosh County census where Luke, one of her late husband's heirs, also lived. The date of the marriage is consistent with her having two sons between the ages of 5 and 10 in her 1830 household, and her husband's 1828 death is consistent with there being no adult male in 1830 household. Accordingly, the sons attributed by Davis to John and Mary are listed here as William and Mary's. It should be noted, however, that one male in the 1830 household could well be Mary and Ara’s son.

·· William Jackson Bandy (683, 17-1274), is assumed to have been born between 1821 and 1825 (based on the date of the marriage and 1830 census listing for his assumed mother) and is also assumed to have died by 1843 (based on his son Allen B. being described as his sole heir in 1843). Bandy Gallimaufry lists his year of birth as 1852, but that is incorrect as both he and his father had previously died. William (and Allen B., below) were listed as orphans in an 1830 gold lottery even though their mother was supposedly alive.

··· Allen B. Bandy (18-2074), according to Davis, was in Bryan County in 1850. That Allen was listed as age 24 which does not agree with the age of his assumed father who himself was born between 1820 and 1825. The Allen listed in the census is more likely to be the uncle, listed below. Davis reports, however, that Allen B. Bandy and his nephew Allen B. Bandy, Jr., son and sole heir of William Jackson Bandy, sold Forsyth County lottery land in 1843. This establishes that William Jackson did have a son Allen B., but does not establish that he is the Allen in the 1850 census. Regardless of which Allen B. is listed in the 1850 census, the whereabouts of the other is unknown. There are three references to Allen Bandy serving in the Confederate Army from Georgia. They are in the 7th Calvary Co. H, Harwick Mounted Rifles Company B, and 25th Infantry Co. D.[vii]

·· Allen B. Bandy (684, 17-1275) was born between 1820 and 1825 (based on the 1830 census listing for his assumed mother). Davis concludes that Allen B. married an Ann (684, 17-1276). There is little evidence to support that assumption. In Bryan County in 1850 an Allen and an Ann are listed in separate households. She is listed as age 33 living with five children. He is listed as age 24 and living alone. As noted, Davis assumes that the 24 year old Allen B. is William Jackson's son. The children in Ann's 1850 Bryan County household range in age from 9 to 20 indicating that they probably are not Allen's children. Ann is assumed to be Luke's wife for reasons presented below. As there is little evidence to suggest that Allen B. married or had children no children are attributed to him.

·Luke Bandy (283, 16-640) was in his 20's in 1830 in McIntosh County and in his 30's in 1840 in McIntosh County suggesting that he was born between 1800 and 1810. The 1840 census suggests that Luke and his wife had three children, two sons (one born between 1830 and 1835 and one born between 1835 and 1840) and a daughter (born between 1830 and 1835). A male between the ages of 15 and 20 is judged to be too old to be Luke's son. The older female (Luke's assumed wife) is listed in her 20's also suggesting that the child is not theirs. As Luke cannot be found in censuses after 1840, he is assumed to have died prior to 1850. Contrary to Davis, Luke is assumed to have married Ann (684, 17-1276). Ann's 1850 Bryan County household includes five younger Bandys: Thomas L., age 20, Samuel B., age 19, Susan A., age 18, Samuel N., age 13, and James, age 9. It is unclear why there are two Samuels, but one possible answer is that multiple sets of children are listed together. It is assumed that Thomas and Susan are Jesse and Sarah's orphaned children, and that the older Samuel is the son of Samuel, Sr (below). There is little evidence to support the relationship between Luke and possible son William Clinton or daughter Catherine listed here and originally suggested by Davis. Accordingly, Luke and Ann's children are:

·· Samuel N. Bandy (18-2076), age 13 in the 1850 Bryan County census. It is assumed that the Samuel W. Bandy who married Victoria F. Strom (Stroud) in October 1861 is the son of Samuel. However, there is no proof other than the different middle initial.

·· James Bandywas listed as age 9 in the 1850 Bryan County census.

·· Catherine Bandy who married Eli Anderson in Thomas County in 1875. The attribution of Catherine follows Davis. There is little reason, however to believe that this is correct as Catherine was not in Ann's 1850 household. Catherine Bandy is listed as age 18 in the 1860 Chatham County census living in a boardinghouse with Elizabeth Wright identified as the boardinghouse keeper. Catherine is listed with a Pike County birthplace.

·· William Clinton Bandy (688, 17-1286)(1830 - 1867) married successively sisters Mary M. (688, 17-1287) (1839 - September 13, 1852)[viii] and Eliza E. Sheffield (689, 17-1286) and was widowed by both. He subsequently married Martha Willet (690, 17-1289). Listed as age 20 in the 1850 Bibb County, Georgia census living alone, and listed as age 30 in the 1860 Chambers (now Lee) County, Alabama with Martha, age 24. William C. Bandy served in the 37 Infantry, Company I during the Civil War.[ix] Their five children include:

··· William Clinton S. Bandy (18-2082)(1854 - ? ) is listed as age 6 in 1860 in Chambers (now Lee) County, Alabama and age 18 in 1870 in Lee County, Alabama.

··· Julia Flanders Bandy (18-2083) (1856 - ? ) is listed as age 4 in 1860 in Chambers (now Lee) County, Alabama and age 14 in 1870 in Lee County, Alabama.

··· Martha Isabella Bandy (18-2084) (1858 - ? ) is listed as age 2 in 1860 in Chambers (now Lee) County, Alabama and age 11 in 1870 in Lee County, Alabama.

··· Harry Louis Bandy (18-2085) (1861 - ? ) is listed as age 9 in 1870 in Lee County, Alabama.

··· Sarah Ruffin Bandy (18-2086) (1864 - ? ) is listed as age 6 in 1870 in Lee County, Alabama.

·Samuel Bandy Sr. (282, 16-637) (1790 - after 1850) married Mary Sterling (282, 16-638) in October 25, 1824 in Chatham County. Samuel was in McIntosh and Chatham Counties in 1812, Chatham County in 1820 where he is in his 20's, Chatham in 1824, Chatham in 1830 where he is in his 20's with no children and two females also in their 20's, and Bryan County in 1850 where he is listed as 60 living with 35 year old Mary. If she is his wife, then it seems that her age is misstated. The ages listed in the earlier households do not support any particular conclusion. In fact, the earlier households do not suggest that Samuel and Mary had any children. The only answer offered is that wife Mary died young, and that son Samuel was raised by aunt Ann, as shown above. The Mary in the 1850 household could be Samuel and Mary's daughter. The listing of Samuel, Jr. as their son follows Davis.

·· Samuel Bandy, Jr., (687, 17-1284) (1835 - July 16, 1862) who is listed in the 1860 Chatham County census (p. 412) as age 25. As noted above his is assumed to have lived with his aunt Ann in 1850. Samuel W. Bandy married Victoria F. Strom (Stroud) in October 1861 is assumed to be this Samuel as his cousin (son of Allen B.) is known as Samuel B. Samuel is also assumed to be the Private Samuel W. Bandy who died while in service to the Bryan Guard of Chatham County on July 16, 1862.[x] Davis (and Bandy Gallimaufry relying on Davis) concludes that Samuel married Francis W., but for reason presented earlier, she is assumed to have married Thomas (see above).

·Elizabeth Bandy (16-630) received a gift from her father in 1791, but no other definite record of her is found. An Elizabeth Bandy married James Langley (1762 - 1868) in Baldwin County, Georgia in November 1806, and they had three children. Their children are listed below. The location of the marriage is consistent with Elizabeth being the daughter of Lewis, discussed earlier in the chapter, however she is believed to have been married to Mark Hemphill at that time. Her naming a son John hints that she could be the daughter of John and Lavenia. Elizabeth and James Langley lived in Chambers County, Alabama. Known descendants of both Johnand Lewis lived there.

·· Eliza Langley (1810 -1856).

·· William Langley (1817 - ? ).

·· John L.Langley (1823 - ?).

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[i]Lafar, Mabel Freeman and Caroline Price Wilson, Abstracts of Wills, Chatham County, Georgia. Washington, DC: Daughters of the American Revolution, 1936, p. 170.

[ii]Marriages of Chatham County Georgia, 1748-1852. Genealogical Committee, Georgia Historical Society: Savannah, 1993. vol 1. Reported there in are the following:

John Bandy m. Lavina Bridges (ruled out and replaced with) Polly Ann Shuman (widow), 17 May 1808, 26 May 1808

Jesse Bandy m. Sarah Loper, 19 May 1819, not returned

William Bandy m. Mary Loper (widow) 18 December 1821, 20 December 1821

Samuel Bandy m. Mary Sterling, 25 October 1824, 12 April 1826 (sic)

James W. Bandy m. Louisa Fox (Bryan County), 3 April 1838, 12 April 1838

William J. Bandy m. Rebecca Crossby, 5 July 1845, 10 July 1845

Jesse Futch m. Ann Bandy (widow) 21 April 1845, not returned

David Miller m. Rebecca Bandy (widow) 22 March 1851, 2 May 1851

Marriages of Chatham County Georgia, 1852-1874. Genealogical Committee , Georgia Historical Society: Savannah, 1993. vol. 2 . Reported there in are the following:

Thomas Bandy m. Frances Butts, 1 June 1852, not returned

William J. Bandy m. Georgia E. Payne, 19 September 1853, 17 September 1853

Henry J. Bandy m. Julia Griffith, 9 June 1860, 11 June 1860

Samuel W. Bandy (Bryan County) m. Victoria F. Strom (Stroud) 30 October 1861, 30 October 1861

Allen Preveaux m. Easly Elizabeth Bandy 8 April 1863, 11 April 1863

James Bandy m. Ann Shaw, 8 November 1864, 10 November 1864

Jacob J. Lynes (South Carolina) m. Frances A. Bandy, 6 January 1864, 24 April 1864

Robert Y. Fennell m. Sarah J. Bandy, 23 December 1869, 23 December 1869

Bennett Small m. Judy Bandy, 13 October 1870, not returned

George W. Chambers m. Julia Bandy 14 September 1876, 14 September 1876

Morris J. Mahan m. Malitda E. Bandy, 29 June 1874, 13 July 1874

[iii]Republican & Savannah Evening Ledger, July 30, 1812, p.3, column 4.

[iv]Mary Bondurant Warren, Marriages and Deaths reported in the Savannah Republican, 1763 to 1820 Heritage Papers: Danielsville, Ga.: 1968, p. 102.

[v]Janet B. Hewett, The Roster of Confederate Soldiers 1861-1865. Broadfoot Publishing Company: Wilmington, North Carolina, 1995. Vol. 2. p. 349

[vi]Chatham County, Georgia Wills 1817-1826. Georgia Historical Society, Savannah. 1937 , p. 26.

[vii]Janet B. Hewett, The Roster of Confederate Soldiers 1861-1865. Broadfoot Publishing Company: Wilmington, North Carolina, 1995. Vol. 2. p. 349

[viii]Jeannette Holand Austin, Georgia Obituaries 1740 -1,935, 1993 originally reported in the Georgia Journal and Messenger, Macon, Georgia.

[ix]Janet B. Hewett, The Roster of Confederate Soldiers 1861-1865. Broadfoot Publishing Company: Wilmington, North Carolina, 1995. Vol. 2. p. 349

[x]Lillian Henderson, Roster of the Confederate Soldiers of Georgia 1861-1865. Longins and Poerter, Inc.: Haperville, Georgia, vol. 3, p. 162.

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