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WHICH GEORGE IS WHICH?

SUMMARY

 

There were at least two George Bandys in Virginia in the 18th century. There may have been more, but we believe this is unlikely.  One of these Georges married Drucilla Meador and was the son of the Richard Bandy who wrote the 1795 Botetourt County, VA, will.  The other George married Christina Slinkard and was probably the son of Avy Bandy.  The data and reasoning behind these conclusions are discussed below.

COURT RECORDS

 

Cumberland County, VA, Court Records, Book 2, page 312, August 25, 1755: "Ordered that the Church wardens of Southam Parish bind out Thomas and George Bandy sons of Avy[?] Bandy according to law."

 

The above name has been interpreted by others as "Amy" and "Ary".  After comparing the writing with other instances of "m", "r" and "v" in the court records, we believe "Avy" is more probable.

 

Professor of History at Farmville, VA, Richard Couture, says he feels certain that Thomas and George were minors being bound out as apprentices because their parent could not afford to care for them.  He further feels that Avy was probably their widowed mother, but could be their widowed father.

 

On 24 March 1778, George Bandy successfully sues William Davenport and William Wimbleton for debt[1].

PROBATE RECORDS

 

Botetourt County, VA, Will Book A, pages 405-407, show the July 21, 1795, will of Richard Bandy.  In this will, Richard names a George Bandy as one of his children.

PERSONAL TAX RECORDS

 

The personal property tax rolls of Bedford county were examined for the period 1782-1805.  These show:

1782-1784: one George

1785-1786: two Georges

1787:      tax rolls unreadable

1788-1805: one George

 

Since Bandys are known to have been present at this time also in Botetourt and Franklin Counties and one source suggested Washington County, these were also examined but we found no George on any of these three counties' rolls.

 

 

LAND TRANSFER RECORDS

 

We found the following transactions in Bedford County, Virginia, Deed Books which either name George Bandy as a grantor or grantee or are predecessor transactions which are of interest:

 

          Deed                      Book-
 #      Date                       Page             Grantor                                 Grantee                                    Description
 1      10/24/1767        3-362           John Bradshaw                  Richard Bandy                      168A Lick Run
 2      9/ 1/1780                                 Land Grant                         Isham Talbot                          320A Beaverdam

                                                                                                                                                                   Cr.
 3      2/24/1783         7-181           Isham Talbot                       George Bandy                        ?A Beaverdam Cr.
 4      10/ 1/1783         8- 35            Richard Bandy                   George Bandy,son                175A Lick Branch
 5      1/24/1785         7-440           John Farmer                        George Bandy                        100A Jumping

                                                                                                                                                                   Run
 6      9/27/1786         10- 63           Christina and
                                                                George Bandy                     Charles Anderson                174A Faulling Cr
 7      12/23/1793        9-250           Jesse Hix                              George Bandy                        165A adj. Board's
 8      4/22/1796         10-128         Drucilla and
                                                                George Bandy                     William Jordan                      100A Jumping

                                                                                                                                                                   Run
 9      10/25/1797        10-386         Drucilla and
                                                                George Bandy                     Obediah Basham                  40A
10     5/20/1800         11-278         Drucilla and
                                                                George Bandy                     James Stiff                               120A Stanton R.
11     6/16/1801         11-370         Drucilla and
                                                                George Bandy                     John Hook                               45A Lick Run
12     1/ ?/1803           11-737         Phillip Hix                          George Bandy                        18A adj Thomason
13     1/ ?/1803           11-738         William Meadow              George Bandy                        200A adj

                                                                                                                                                                   Thomason
14     2/26/1803         11-727         Drucilla and
                                                                George Bandy                     John Hook                               403A adj Board's
15     11/15/1802        11-741         Rebecca and
                                                                Mary Echolds                     George Bandy                        286A Beaverdam

                                                                                                                                                                   Cr.
16     2/21/1807         12-189         Joseph Priest                       George Bandy                        303A Beaverdam

                                                                                                                                                                   Cr.
17     2/21/1807         12-189         Joseph Priest                       George Bandy                        95A Weaver's

                                                                                                                                                                    Knob
18     12/28/1807        12-285         George Bandy                     William Miller                       155A Beaverdam

                                                                                                                                                                   Cr.
19     5/30/1812         13-748         Drucilla and
                                                                George Bandy                     William Miller                       684A Beaverdam

                                                                                                                                                                   Cr.
20     9/26/1809         15-403         George Wright                    George Bandy                        110A Falling Cr.
21     8/31/1818         15-526         Drucilla and
                                                                George Bandy                     John Pate                                 110A Falling Cr.

 

For the discussions below, the above transactions are collected into groups involving the same parcel(s) of land.

Land On Lick Run - That Given by Richard to His Son, George

 

The following transactions are the ones of real interest to us as they provide most of the proof that the George Bandy who married Drucilla Meador was the George Bandy who was the son of Richard Bandy. 

                                          Book-
 #      Date                       Page             Grantor                                 Grantee                                    Description
 1      10/24/1767        3-362           John Bradshaw                  Richard Bandy                      168A Lick Run
 4      10/ 1/1783         8- 35            Richard Bandy                   George Bandy,son                175A Lick Branch
10     5/20/1800         11-278         Drucilla and
                                                                George Bandy                     James Stiff                               120A Stanton R.
11     6/16/1801         11/370        Drucilla and
                                                                George Bandy                     John Hook                               45A Lick Run

 

Figure 3, at the end of this chapter, is a plot showing a composite description of the Lick Run land obtained by combining the descriptions from all four transactions.  The descriptions of the above four transactions are not complete and precise enough to prove, without doubt, that all four transactions are of the same land. However, if the reader will look at figure 3 as he reads the following discussions of transactions 1, 4, 10 and 11, he will see that they can all fit together, have numerous points of identical descriptions and do not have any contradictions.  Further, as discussed below under "The Property Sold by George and Christina" and "Other Parcels",  none of the remaining land transactions listed above under "Land Transfer Records" can be involved with the acquisition or sale of the Lick Run property.   Therefore, we are convinced that transactions 1, 4, 10 and 11 are of the same piece(s) of land.

 

Transaction 1: This parcel of land is described as lying on the North [side of the] Stanton [in all four of these deeds, the spelling is Stanton, not Staunton, as it is presently spelled] River and bounded: "Beginning at a double line [sic] tree at the mouth of Lick Run thence down the River ... 27E 220 poles to a ... [black oak?] thence N63E 110 poles to a ... oak thence N27W 260 ... [poles?] to a chesnut on Lick Run thence down Lick Run as it meanders to the beginning."  "..." represents portions near the binding which are not readable in the microfilm.  The bearing of the first line down the River could be either N27E or S27E.  Figures 4 and 5 show the shapes of this parcel if the directions are N27E and S27E respectively.  It is certainly S27E for the following reasons:

1. Figure 4 yields a very strange and skinny shaped parcel. Figure 5 yields almost a rectangle, a much more plausible shape.

2. In figure 4 Lick Run would have to flow into the Stanton River at an almost impossibly acute angle.

3. The length of the side along Lick Run given in transaction 11 fits figure 5, but not figure 4.

 

Transaction 4: "Richard Bandy hath given to his son, George Bandy", 175 acres on the mouth of Lick Branch.  The land is described as: "Beginning at the mouth of Lick Branch thence up the Lick Branch to Meads line thence along Meads line to Calloways line thence along Calloways line to Stanton River thence up the river to the place of beginning."  This description is certainly not as precise as that of the parcel in transaction 1.  However, the parcels in transactions 1 and 4 must at least overlap.  They both contain boundaries in common: 1) Lick Run (or Branch) upstream from its mouth on the Stanton River, and 2) the Stanton River downstream from the mouth of Lick Run.  These two sides also show up in transaction 11.  Further, transactions 1 and 4 both contain four sides and have the same acreage, within the accuracy of surveys of those days.  Therefore, it seems reasonable to conclude they are the same piece of land. Later transactions confirm this even more.

 

Transaction 10: "George Bandy and Drucilla, his wife", sell 120 acres on the Stanton River to James Stiff.  This parcel is described: "Beginning at a black oak on said river thence N63E 110 poles to a dead white oak now a poplar thence N27W to a white oak corner of Benjamin Jordans thence a new line to the head of a branch thence down the branch to Stanton River and down the Stanton River to the beginning." This description alone does not definitely tie in this transaction with transactions 1 and 4.  However, transactions 10 and 11 fit together to make up the whole of 1 and 4.

 

Transaction 11: "George Bandy and Drucilla, his wife", convey 45 acres on the North side of the Stanton River to John Hook.  This parcel is described as: "Beginning at a chesnut corner on Lick Run called Bradshaw's back line corner thence down Lick Run as it meanders 650 yards [118 poles] to a corner sycamore at the mouth of said river on the river bank then down the river 360 yards [65 poles] to a white hickory on the river bank at the mouth of the first branch below Lick Run the same being James Stiff corner then up said branch 640 yards [116 poles] being Stiffs line to a white oak in the old back line then on the branch N27W 300 yards [55 poles] to the beginning."  Note that this parcel of land also definitely includes two sides in common with transactions 1 and 4: that is, 1) Lick Run upstream from its mouth on the Stanton and 2) the Stanton, downstream from Lick Run's mouth.  In addition to the bounds description, this deed makes the following important statement: "the same uncient[?] by patent to Mathias Reese being part of his tract of 894 acres conveyed by him in Bedford Court to John Bradshaw by him to Richard Bandy and by him to George Bandy." 

 

Footnote: 

We tried, unsuccessfully, to locate a Lick Run which empties into the Staunton River.  The Staunton River and the Roanoke River are two names for the same river.  The last division of Bedford County into another County took place when Franklin County was formed in 1785[2]. Since the last sale, transaction 11, was made in 1801 and recorded in Bedford County, Lick Run should be in today's boundaries of Bedford County.  From the US Map Service Index of Virginia Place Names, there are two Lick Runs in Bedford County.  One empties into the Big Otter River from the North and the other into Goose Creek from the West.  Both are a number of miles from the Staunton River.

Mr. Kenneth Crouch of the Bedford City/County Museum did not know of any other Lick Runs.

We tried to follow the grantor/grantee chain on subsequent sales of this property.  James Stiff sold the parcel he bought from George and Drucilla to John Hook.  We could find no record of a later sale by John Hook, or his estate, which bears any resemblance to the Lick Run property.

The Property Sold by George and Christina

 

Where did George get the land on Faulling Creek which he and Christina sold in 1786?  By buying land on Beaverdam Creek!

 

                                          Book-
 #      Date                       Page             Grantor                                 Grantee                                    Description
 2      9/ 1/1780                                 Land Grant                         Isham Talbot                          320A Beaverdam

                                                                                                                                                                   Cr.
 3      2/24/1783         7-181           Isham Talbot                       George Bandy                        ?A Beaverdam Cr.
 6      9/27/1786         10- 63           Christina and
                                                                George Bandy                     Charles Anderson                174A Faulling Cr

 

Transaction 2: The 320 acres granted Isham Talbot are described as being on Beaverdam Creek. The grant gives bearings and dimensions for the 13-sided parcel.  These are plotted in figure 6.  The bounds given are obviously not very precise as there is considerable closure error.

 

Transaction 3: This deed describes the parcel as being part of Talbot's 9/1/1780 land grant, but does not state the acreage nor the bearings and dimensions of the sides.

 

Transaction 6: This deed describes this land as being on Faulling (Falling) Creek and as having 17 sides.  Figure 7 shows the shape of the parcel described.  Again, the survey is not a good one as the boundary crosses itself twice and there is considerable closure error.  However, comparison of figures 6 and 7 leaves little doubt that this land was a part of the Talbot grant as seven of the sides of transactions 2 and 6 coincide exactly, and two other sides have the same bearings but different distances (90 vs 60, and 56 vs 86).

 

Incidentally, the closest that Beaverdam and Falling Creeks come on modern maps is about one mile.

Other Land Parcels

 

The following discussion is superfluous after proving that 1) the land Richard gave his son, George, was sold by George and Drucilla, and 2) the land George and Christina sold was obtained from Isham Talbot, not Richard. 

 

However, to remove any residual doubt that other land transactions involving a George Bandy can not be the same parcel as Richard gave son George, or that George and Drucilla sold in transactions 10 and 11, we discuss the remaining transactions we found.

 

Parcel 1:

                                          Book-
 #      Date                       Page             Grantor                                 Grantee                                    Description
 5      1/24/1785         7-440           John Farmer                        George Bandy                        100A Jumping

                                                                                                                                                                   Run
 8      4/22/1796         10-128         Drucilla and                                                                           100A Jumping
                                                                George Bandy                     William Jordan                      Run

 

These transactions are undoubtedly the same parcel as they both have the same description: "Beginning at the patent corner white oak on the Run thence with the patent lines S35E 88 poles to corner pointers N70E 200 poles to pointers thence a dividing line N39W 96 poles to pointers on the patent line thence with the patent lines S40W 20 poles to corner black oak W 84 poles to corner white oak S40W 64 poles to corner red oak W 50 poles to corner two white oaks on Jumping Run aforesaid and down the said Run as it meanders to the first station."

 

Parcel 2:

                                          Book-
 #      Date                       Page             Grantor                                 Grantee                                    Description
15     11/15/1802        11-741         Rebecca and                                                                           286A Beaverdam
                                                                Mary Echolds                     George Bandy                        Cr.
16     2/21/1807         12-189         Joseph Priest                       George Bandy                        303A Beaverdam

                                                                                                                                                                   Cr.
17     2/21/1807         12-189         Joseph Priest                       George Bandy                        95A Weaver's

                                                                                                                                                                   Knob
19     5/30/1812         13-748         Drucilla and                                                                           684A Beaverdam
                                                                George Bandy                     William Miller                       Cr.

 

The 5/30/1812 deed describes the land being conveyed as "three several tracts or parcels of land all adjoining and lying and being in the said County of Bedford and on the South Fork of Beaverdam Creek.  One tract conveyed by Mary and Rebecca Echols attorney to the said Bandy bearing date 11/15/1802 and containing 286 acres the other two tracts conveyed by Joseph Priest and wife to the said Bandy bearing date 2/1/1807 [sic] one containing 303 acres and the other containing 95 acres."

 

Thus the three acquisitions are the same as the single disposition.

 

Parcel 3:

                                          Book-
 #      Date                       Page             Grantor                                 Grantee                                    Description
20     9/26/1809         15-403         George Wright                    George Bandy                        110A Falling Cr.
21     8/31/1819         15-526         Drucilla and
                                                                George Bandy                     John Pate                                 110A Falling Cr.

 

Transaction 20 is described as: "Beginning at a pine near Hauck's[?] road thence along Baughn's lines to three corner pointers ... road thence along the said road to a corner white oak in Corley's line thence ... a corner gum on a branch thence with line to corner white oak Newman's corner ... along this line to Hauck's road thence along said road to the beginning."  The "..." signifies a portion which is too near the binding to be readable in the microfilm.

 

Transaction 21 is described as: "Beginning at a pine near Howell's road thence along Baughn's line to three corner pointers near Pate's road thence along said road to a corner white oak in Corley's line thence with his line to a corner gum on a branch thence a new line to Numans corner pine thence along his line to Howells road thence along said road to the beginning."

 

These descriptions are so similar they must be the same parcel of land.

Remaining Parcels:

                                          Book-
 #      Date                       Page             Grantor                                 Grantee                                    Description
 7      12/23/1793        9-250           Jesse Hix                              George Bandy                        165A adj. Board's
 9      10/25/1797        10-386         Drucilla and
                                                                George Bandy                     Obediah Basham                  40A
12     1/ ?/1803           11-737         Phillip Hix                          George Bandy                        18A adj Thomason
13     1/ ?/1803           11-738         William Meadow              George Bandy                        200A adj

                                                                                                                                                                   Thomason
14     2/26/1803         11-727         Drucilla and
                                                                George Bandy                     John Hook                               403A adj Board's
18     12/28/1807        12-285         George Bandy                     William Miller                       155A Beaverdam

                                                                                                                                                                   Cr.

 

A lack of complete property descriptions prevent us from pairing up purchases with sales for these transactions.  However, it is most unlikely that they can be involved with the Lick Run property:

1. We look first at the above transactions where George was a grantor to see if any of these could be sales of the Lick Run property Richard gave his son George in 1783:

a. Transaction 9 is described only in terms of adjacent landowners and therefore cannot be plotted.  It has seven sides and the adjacent landowners are John Board, William Board, Benjamin Meador and George Bandy.  None of the first three are mentioned in any of the Lick Run transactions. Therefore, it is highly unlikely that transaction 9 is involved with Lick Run.

b. Transaction 14 gives bearings and distances.  It has 19 sides, none of which are close to any sides in any of the Lick Run transfers.

c. Transaction 18 also gives bearings and distances.  It has 20 sides, none of which are similar to any in the Lick Run transfers.

2. Now we look at the above transactions where George was a grantee to see if any of these could be the acquisition of the land George and Drucilla sold in transactions 10 in 1800 and 11 in 1801:

a. Transaction 7 gives bearings and distances.  Although the same in area as that sold in transactions 10 and 11, transaction 7 has six sides none of which come near matching any in transactions 10 and 11.  Further, transactions 7's shape is such that after carving either transaction 10 or 11 out of it the residual would be an extremely contorted shape.  Carving both out of it is impossible.

b. Transactions 12 and 13 occurred in 1803 and therefore could not be the acquiring transaction for the lands sold in 1800 and 1801.

 

CONCLUSIONS

 

A. For the following reasons, we feel it is certain that the George who married Drucilla is the son of Richard of the 1795 will:

1. Land transaction 4 names a George as a Richard's son.

2. Land transaction 11 confirms that its piece of land was involved in transaction 1 (John Bradshaw to Richard Bandy) and transaction 4 (Richard Bandy to George Bandy). 

3. Figure 3 leads to the conclusion that land transactions 1, 4, 10 and 11 are all of the same piece of land.

4. Land transactions 10 and 11 name Drucilla as this George's wife.

5. The land George and Christina sold was obtained from Isham Talbot.

6. All other Bedford County land acquisitions by a George Bandy are either exactly accounted for in a subsequent sale, or bear no resemblance in shape or location to the above dispositions 10 and 11.

7. All other Bedford County land sales by a George are either precisely tied in with another purchase, or bear no resemblance to that acquired in transaction 4 by George through his father, Richard.

8. The 1795 Botetourt County, VA, will of Richard Bandy names a George as one of his sons.

9. No other Richard Bandy of this time is known to have had a son named George.

 

B. For the following reasons, we think it logical, but not without question, that the George who married Christina was the son of Avy Bandy.

1. It seems certain that the George who married Drucilla and the George who married Christina were not the same George:

a. George and Christina:

1) Sold land in Bedford County (transaction 6) on 9/27/1786 and recorded it on 2/23/1795.

2) Bought land in Lincoln County, NC, in 1798[3], and left 1822 and 1830 NC wills[4].

3) This George apparently could not write his name, as he signed with a "mark"[5].

b. George and Drucilla:

1) Sold land in Bedford County from 1796 to 1818.

2) He reportedly died in Breckinridge County, KY, in 1838[6].

3) This George apparently could write his name, i.e. he did not use a mark[7].

2. It seems likely that there are two parentages of Georges in this time period:

a. Richard of the 1795 will was the father of a George.

b. Avy was the parent (presumed mother) of a George.

3. We have already proved that the George who married Drucilla was the son of Richard of the 1795 will.

4. This leaves Avy as the probable parent of the George who married Christina.


 

FIGURE 3  LICK RUN TRANSACTIONS

 

 

UNCERTAIN LICK RUN BOUNDARY BEARING


 

LAND GEORGE AND CHRISTINA SOLD

 

 

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[1] Cumberland County Court Records, Book ?, p162, April, 1774 and Book ?, p448

[2] Kirkham, E. Kay, Simplified Genealogy for Americans

[3] Bandy, Dr. Allen Hill, Sr., The History of the Bandy Clan

[4] Ibid

[5] Bedford County, VA, Deed Book 10, p 63

[6] Cook, Arlene, Correspondence with Jane and Burton Eubank

[7] Bedford County, VA, Deed Book 11, p 370